Sokoine University of Agriculture

Prevalence of haemoparasites, leptospires and coccobacilli with potential for human infection in the blood of rodents and shrews from selected localities in Tanzania, Namibia and Swaziland

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Katakweba, Abdul A.S.
dc.contributor.author Mulungu, Loth S.
dc.contributor.author Eiseb, Seth J.
dc.contributor.author Mahlaba, Themb’alilahlwa A.
dc.contributor.author Makundi, Rhodes H.
dc.contributor.author Massawe, Apia W.
dc.contributor.author Borremans, Benny
dc.contributor.author Belmain, Steven R.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-14T08:50:35Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-14T08:50:35Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02
dc.identifier.issn 1562-7020
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1101
dc.description African Zoology 2012, 47:1, 119-127 en_US
dc.description.abstract The prevalence of haemoparasites, leptospirosis and Yersinia pestis was investigated in rodents and shrews from Tanzania, Namibia and Swaziland. Blood smears originating from rodents and shrews from the three countries indicated the presence of Trypanosoma lewisi (72.7%; n =950), Bacillus spp. (25.6%; n =950), Borrelia sp. (0.01%; n =950) and bipolar coccobacilli (0.01%; n =950). The blood smears from Namibia (n =26) had no haemoparasites while only 1.33% (n =75) of those from Swaziland showed presence of T. lewisi. Leptospira interrogans was found in rodent blood sera from Tanzania in the following serogroup proportions (n =350): Icterohaemorrhagiae (10.29%), Pomona (2.86%), Hardjo (1.14%), Bullum (0.86%), Grippotyphosa (1.43%) and Canicola (1.14%). Serodiagnosis of antibodies against the F1 antigen of Y. pestis using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was negative for all the serum samples from central Tanzania, while two samples of serum from two species of rodents, Rhabdomys pumilio and Gerbilliscus leucogaster, collected in the Kavango Region of Namibia were positive. These results suggest an enzootic plague activity in this region in Namibia. It is concluded that zoonotic agents, that are infectious to humans, are prevalent in rodents and shrews in the three countries, and that local communities should apply rodent control measures to reduce the risk of human infections. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher African Zoology en_US
dc.subject Haemoparasites en_US
dc.subject Plague en_US
dc.subject Leptospirosis en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.subject Rodents. en_US
dc.title Prevalence of haemoparasites, leptospires and coccobacilli with potential for human infection in the blood of rodents and shrews from selected localities in Tanzania, Namibia and Swaziland en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?journalCode=tafz20 en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search SUA IR


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics