Sokoine University of Agriculture

Assessment of farmers handling practices and effectiveness of different post harvest technologies of maize in Kilosa District

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dc.contributor.author Henry, C. L.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-05T08:42:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-05T08:42:02Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2758
dc.description MSc. Dissertation 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Post-harvest management during handling and storage of maize are crucial for ensuring food security. This study was carried out to assess farmers handling practices and effectiveness of different post-harvest technologies of maize in Kilosa district. A household survey on farmers handling practices and post-harvest technologies used by the farmers to store maize was conducted in Mabwerebwere and Ulaya wards of Kilosa district. The study recorded farmers habits on maize handling practices and polypropylene bags were commonly used to store maize. Main causes of post-harvest losses were found to be insects and rodents. However, the study found post-harvest losses occur mainly during shelling and transporting. Also, laboratory experiment was set up for six months to analyze grain quality in maize stored in polypropylene/Hessian bags (PB), multi-layered plastic bags (PICS), metal silo (MS), roof storage with smoke (RS) and roof storage without smoke (R). The parameters analyzed were percentage moisture content (MC), grain damage (GD) loss and mould growth (MG) at 0 day, 90 days and 180 days. The MC (%) was found to increase with the increase in storage time and ranged from 12.20 to 22.66%. The percent grain damaged was found to increase as storage time increase (0.85 to 21.01%). The MG (log CFU/g) was found to increase with the increase in MC and storage time (4.53 to 5.45 log CFU/g). From the study, the grain quality in terms of moisture and mould growth tended to deteriorate with storage period. Multi-layered plastic bags (PICS) and metal silo were much effective for longer period storage of maize without affecting grain quality compared with hessian bags, roof storage with or without smoking. Further studies on the levels of aflatoxins in the maize stored using different storage facilities are recommended. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Maize harvest technologies en_US
dc.subject Farmers handling practices en_US
dc.subject Maize storage en_US
dc.subject Kilosa District en_US
dc.title Assessment of farmers handling practices and effectiveness of different post harvest technologies of maize in Kilosa District en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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