Sokoine University of Agriculture

The flower industry in Tanzania: production performance and costs

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dc.contributor.author Msogoya, T. J.
dc.contributor.author Maerere, A. P.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-16T05:22:36Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-16T05:22:36Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.issn 1812-5379
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2868
dc.description Journal of Agronomy, 2006; 5 (3): 478-481 en_US
dc.description.abstract A survey was conducted to assess production levels, costs, marketing and policy regulations affecting the flower industry in Tanzania. Results indicated that rose and chrysanthemum were the main ornamental crops produced for export with yield of 908 and 145.6 million flower stems and shoot cuttings per year in 2003, respectively. The surface areas under rose and chrysanthemum cultivation increased by 328.9 and 658.3% and the corresponding production by 316.84 and 666.33% between 1997 and 2003, respectively. Greenhouse construction accounted for 50% while purchase of land and rose planting materials represented 17.7 and 12.3% of the total investment cost, respectively. Interest on loans and freight charges accounted for 19 and 16.0% of the total operational cost, respectively. All chrysanthemum shoot cuttings were directly exported to The Netherlands whereas 90% of total rose flowers were exported to Europe through European middlemen with a marketing commission of 18-30% of sales and 52% of total operational cost. The average selling prices of rose and chrysanthemum were 0.23 and 0.11 US$ per flower stem and shoot tip cutting, respectively. Foreign growers appreciated the provision of tax exemption of five years but considered the National Agricultural Policy of 1997 being too general and not favourable to the flower industry. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Asian Network for Scientific Information en_US
dc.subject Tanzania flower industry en_US
dc.subject Production costs en_US
dc.subject Marketing en_US
dc.subject Agricultural policy en_US
dc.title The flower industry in Tanzania: production performance and costs en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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