Sokoine University of Agriculture

Prevalence of bovine brucellosis in smallholder dairy farms in Morogoro municipality, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Lyimo, Bertilla Elias
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-01T06:21:01Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-01T06:21:01Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/585
dc.description.abstract A cross sectional study was conducted to determine prevalence of bovine brucellosis in smallholder dairy farms in Morogoro Municipality. Milk and blood samples collected from 450 dairy cows in thirteen wards of Morogoro Municipality were examined for Brucella antibodies‟ using the Milk Ring Test as an initial screening test followed by Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay was used as a confirmatory test. Questionnaires were also administered to 135 respondents to assess possible factors associated with transmission of brucellosis from cattle to human. Overall, 29.3% (95%CI: 25.2-33.8%) of milk samples tested positive according to MRT while 18.4% (95% CI) of the serum samples tested positive according to c-ELISA. Analysis of factors associated with occurrence of brucellosis by single table analysis showed that abortion (p=0.000) and herd size (p=0.049) were statistically significant. From this study there is evidence that brucellosis is prevalent and locally distributed in Morogoro Municipality. The study concluded by recommending, further studies, surveillance and institution of preventive and control measures like mass vaccination using S19 vaccine to be undertaken. Furthermore, public health education and formulation of by laws concerning testing of animals and animal products as well as culling of positive tested animals. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship East and Central Africa Sub-regions (ASARECA Project LFP PRJ 02) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Bovine brucellosis en_US
dc.subject Morogoro municipality en_US
dc.subject Smallhoder dairy farmers en_US
dc.subject Milk Ring Test en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.subject Dairy husbandry en_US
dc.title Prevalence of bovine brucellosis in smallholder dairy farms in Morogoro municipality, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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